An autonomous research institute under the Ministry of Finance


Designing Policies in the Presence of Hawala Markets

Publication date

Jan, 2015


NIPFP Working Paper No. 142


R. Kavita Rao and Suranjali Tandon


To deal with rising current account deficits, the government often uses instruments such as increase in customs tariffs. These are expected to induce an appreciation in the currency. In the presence of hawala markets which constitute an alternative payment mechanism, the control exerted by the customs tariffs is diluted, thereby reducing the effectiveness of this policy in controlling depreciation of the currency. The paper explores the impact of the existence of such a mechanism on the effectiveness of various policy instruments in influencing outcomes on the official foreign exchange markets and GDP.

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