Pinaki Chakraborty is the Director, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy New Delhi. Prior to this, he was the Chief-Social Policy-UNICEF, and the Chief of Field Office-UNICEF Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Since 2008, he has been Professor at the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy, New Delhi. He served as a Member, Advisory Council to the Fifteenth Finance Commission of India; Member-Secretary, Committee on Fiscal Statistics appointed by the National Statistical Commission in 2017; Chairman, Kerala Public Expenditure Review Committee-a statutory committee appointed by the Government of Kerala; and Research Associate, Levy Economics Institute, New York. From May 2013 to December 2014, Chakraborty served as Economic Adviser to the 14th Finance Commission of India, heading the Economic Analysis and Technical Coordination Division of the Commission. He also served as a Member of the Third Union Territory Finance Commission, appointed by the Ministry of Home Affairs, and as a Consultant to the Eleventh Finance Commission of India.
Chakraborty has critical domain knowledge of the public finances of the national and state governments and has served on the advisory committees of various research institutions in India. He has also held short term visiting appointments in the Department of Economics at the University of Ottawa and the University of Carleton, and at the Centre for Development Studies-affiliated to Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi, and taught Indian Public Finance course at the Indira Gandhi Institute for Development Research, Mumbai.
He testified before the Select Committee of the Upper House of India Parliament in June 2015 on the Constitution Amendment Bill on GST. His book titled “GST in India: A Simple Tax in a Complex Federal System” has been published by Orient Back Swan in 2019. He has also researched extensively on the decentralization and development of States in India. He has co-authored two books titled ‘State Level Reforms, Growth, and Development in Indian States” published by the Oxford University Press, New York in 2014 and ‘Social Sector in a Decentralised Economy: India in the Era of Globalization’ published by Cambridge University Press. He publishes regularly on various national and international journals. He has an MPhil in Applied Economics and PhD in Economics from the Centre for Development Studies.
Public Finance Issues in Federal Setting, Tax Policy & Resource Mobilization, Public Expenditure Management, Decentralization and Public Service Delivery, Gender and Fiscal Policy.
Chakraborty, Pinaki (2019): “GST in India: Simple Tax in a Complex Federal System”, Orient Black Swan, India.
Chakraborty, Pinaki, Lekha Chakraborty, Anit Mukherjee (2016): “Social Sector in a Decentralized Economy: India in the Era of Globalization,” Cambridge University Press, India.
Panagariya, Arvind, Pinaki Chakraborty & M. Govinda Rao (2014): “State Level Reforms, Growth, and Development in Indian States”, Oxford University Press, New York.
- (2021), "COVID-19 Context and the Fifteenth Finance Commission: Balancing Fiscal Need and Macroeconomic Stability", NIPFP Working Paper No. 351
- (2021), "Political competitiveness and the private–public structure of public expenditure: a model and empirics for the Indian States", International Tax and Public Finance (Springer), Vol.28, Issue 1 (2021), https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10797-020-09642-1
- (2019), "State Finance Commissions: How successful have they been in Empowering Local Governments?", NIPFP Working Paper No. 263
- (2018), "Fiscal Pressure of Migration and Horizontal Fiscal Inequality: Evidence from Indian Experience", (Co-authored with Shatakshi Garg), International Migration ( Wiley), Vol. 57, Issue 4 (2019), https://doi.org/10.1111/imig.12536, pp.269-290, August.
- (2018), "Analysis of State Budgets 2017-18: Emerging Issues (Impact of Power Sector Debt - UDAY on State Finances)", Published by the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy, (NIPFP), New Delhi, as part of the IDRC project titled A Study of Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers in India.
Membership in committees and commissions
Member, Advisory Council to the Fifteenth Finance Commission of India, 2018 to April 2019 (As required under International Civil Service ethics code of United Nations, after joining UNICEF, resigned from the Advisory Council).
Member-Secretary, “Fiscal Statistics Committee constituted by the National Statistical Commission”, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, 2017-2018.
Member, Governing Body of the GIFT (Gulati Institute of Finance and Taxation), 2017-2019. (As required under International Civil Service ethics code of United Nations, after joining UNICEF, resigned from the Governing Board of GIFT).
Member, “COVID-19 - High Level Committee to Advise on the Medium Term Response”, Constituted by the Government of Tamil Nadu, (Chaired by Former Governor of Reserve Bank of India, Dr. C. Rangarajan), 2020.
Chairman, Kerala Public Expenditure, Review Committee, Government of Kerala, 2016-2019.
Member, Advisory Committee of a major project on “State Level Exports and Economic Growth” conducted by the Department of Economics, Jadhavpur University, funded by DFID.
Economic Adviser, Fourteenth Finance Commission of India, 8th May 2013 to December 31st 2014.