An autonomous research institute under the Ministry of Finance


Ongoing projects

Post Pandemic Budget Management: Learning from the Experience of Budget Credibility at Sub-national Level

  • Start date March, 2021
  • Completion date Dec., 2022
  • Sponsor NIPFP
  • Project leader Pratap Ranjan Jena
  • Consultants/Other authors Abhishek Singh
  • Focus

    Post pandemic budget management requires securing and using resources effectively, efficiently and transparently, given the prevailing economic distress and revenue shortfall.  Failure to implement the budgets as planned may result in the shifting of spending priorities, exceeding of deficit targets, and compromising on critical service delivery promises. This issue has become more important as a deepening economic slowdown has put government finances under stress. This paper assesses the budget credibility of states in India to explain their ability to implement planned activities and respond to fiscal stress. It also focuses on strengthening the institutional framework to utilize fiscal instruments optimally for better service delivery and development.

Data for Justice Challenge

  • Start date Dec., 2020
  • Completion date June, 2021
  • Sponsor Vayam Forum for Citizenship
  • Project leader Ila Patnaik
  • Consultants/Other authors Devendra Damle, Tushar Anand, Karan Gulati
  • Focus
    The objective of the study is to create a dataset to understand India’s contract enforcement machinery.
    This will include:
    Time series dataset at case-level on contract enforcement litigation, tracking disputes related to contracts across select district and high courts across states. The data itself will be released periodically as a product.
    Contract Enforcement Index, which will be generated from the aforementioned data. The index will be computed at periodic intervals in order to monitor and compare the performance of various courts and states on this basis. The results generated can then be used to inform policy decisions.
    Contingent on the availability of usable data, the objective is to develop a Text Processing Module to extract information pertinent to contract enforcement from the unstructured text of the judgment/order by way of regular expression matching or on a classification algorithm.

Study on Gender Sensitive Budgeting on School Education

  • Start date Jan., 2019
  • Sponsor National Coalition for Education
  • Project leader Sukanya Bose and Anuradha De, Collaborative Research and Dissemination (CORD)
  • Focus

    Gender budget is an analytical tool which scrutinizes the government budget to reveal its gender-differentiated impact and advocate for greater priorities for programmes and schemes to address the gender-based disadvantages that women face. The objective is to understand the policies and practices on gender budgeting in their application to the school education sector.  Do gender budgets exist? If yes, how meaningful are these as a tool for planning and prioritisation for education of girls? What is the pattern of education spending on girls as reflected in the budgets? What kind of improvements in data are required for a more meaningful gender budgeting exercise? 

A study on public procurement of pharmaceutical drugs and quality control

  • Start date June, 2020
  • Completion date April, 2021
  • Sponsor Thakur Family Foundation, Inc.
  • Project leader Ila Patnaik
  • Consultants/Other authors Harleen Kaur, Madhur Mehta, Ashim Kapoor, Siddharth Srivastava
  • Focus
    The objectives of the study are: 
    research on Central and state government expenditure on public procurements;
    the procurement process evaluation; 
    the tendering process; 
    blacklisting policies; 
    how India can leverage the public procurement system to improve drug quality across the pharmaceutical industry; 
    whether or not there is a need for a public procurement law specific to the procurement of drugs; 
    profile of national companies which supply drugs to states; 
    Not of Standardised Quality (NSQ) drugs is published by Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) on the Sugam portal periodically. What role does this information play in procurement process and what actions do agencies take against repeat offenders.

Documentation Centre for ICSSR-MHA project on `Critical Issues in Special Areas’

  • Start date May, 2018
  • Completion date Dec., 2021
  • Sponsor Indian Council of Social Science Research
  • Project leader Ila Patnaik
  • Consultants/Other authors Ashim Kapoor, Rachna Sharma
  • Focus

    The Indian Council for Social Science Research (ICSSR) has recently undertaken a project, sponsored by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), to study critical issues in special areas in India. As part of this project, the NIPFP is assisting ICSSR to assemble documents for creating a digital library related to the study topic.  The NIPFP will design and maintain the digital library, which will include primary materials such as Constituent Assembly debates, legal instruments, policy documents, United Nations documents and contracts.